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智能家庭-NAS存储服务器规划与搭建

2018-1-9 17:54| 投稿: xiaotiger |来自: 互联网

摘要: 大家好,我开始不误正业了。作为一名性能测试工程师,经常接触各类软硬件、操作系统。这次给大家做一次家用存储服务器的需求分析与选型。需求首先,作为一个有想法的人,需要了解自己的实际需求,自问一下:需要存储 ...

大家好,我开始不误正业了。作为一名性能测试工程师,经常接触各类软硬件、操作系统。这次给大家做一次家用存储服务器的需求分析与选型。

需求

首先,作为一个有想法的人,需要了解自己的实际需求,自问一下:

  • 需要存储那些介质的资源?其中比较珍贵的资源有那些?删不删都无所谓的资源有那些?

  • NAS能提供给我多少便利?

  • 噪音能不能忍受?

  • 除了存储功能,是否还需要播放高清、超清电影的功能?

  • 有没有足够的时间自己去攒一个NAS?

服务器硬件规划

搭建NAS其实就是搭建一个迷你的电脑,需要如下配件:

硬件:机箱、电源、主板、内存、CPU、硬盘

群晖NAS:

首先,如果本人没多少时间,但是金钱还是比较充足的,个人推荐用群晖的NAS,就是价格相对贵很多。

比如2盘位的群晖需要1980块钱,而一个4盘位的群晖NAS更是需要4680元,且没有硬盘。这种价位对作者来说是很难承受的,不如自己攒。

建议群体:有钱人

自行DIYNAS_廉价版:

廉价版就是利用老旧电脑进行改装,增加硬盘仓即可,然后在装个群晖系统,即可成为一台标准的NAS。

优点:基本不用花钱,因为群晖系统对CPU和内存利用的都很少,基本10年内的电脑都能装上群晖系统,发挥最大作用。

缺点:首先,机箱体积大,噪音也大(风扇噪音),耗电量大,如果家里有个无人去的小角落,扔进去就好了。如果家里很小的话,这个大家伙很容易影响生活质量。

建议群体:不想为NAS花钱的人


自行DIYNAS_静音

主板:华擎 J3455-ITX 自带CPU 被动散热

内存:笔记本内存 ddr3 4G

机箱:ms04机箱,自带电源

硬盘:按需

系统上可选性很多,可以是win10也可以是群晖,甚至可以选择centos。

优点:这个配置超级静音,基本上只有电源风扇一点点的声音。硬盘声音可以忽略。

缺点:整套下来价格在1800+硬盘价格。

建议群体:有点闲钱的人

环境搭建

环境搭建上有两种方案:

群晖:

优点:群晖是个软件商,所以软件做的非常好,配合上APP,基本能满足所有私有云的需求。

缺点:版权问题,群晖要是封了,就不能用了。另外就是硬盘不能休眠。

win10:

优点:windows系列上手非常快,而且有各种软件满足个人私有云的需求,个人推荐goodsync进行文件同步(主要是宝宝照片)

缺点:不如群晖易用,毕竟群晖是专门做云的解决方案的。

linux:

这是资深玩家的选择吧,采用任意一款linux系统,比如centos、ubuntu等等,自行搭建属于自己的云。

优点:稳定,功能全,想做什么都有工具。

缺点:上手太难,很多人连命令都不会打。

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